The format used for the analysis is the driver-pressure-state-impact-response (DPSIR) framework. This format highlights a chain of causal links starting with driving forces (economic and human activities) through pressures (emissions, waste) to states (physical, chemical and biological) and impacts on ecosystems, human health and functions, eventually leading to political responses (policies, legal and institutional frameworks) (UNEP 2006).
As much as possible, the report has compiled and analysed data and indicators to demonstrate positive or negative change. Attempts have also been made to establish a baseline to inform any future assessments.
The report has used data from different sources such as policy and strategic initiatives including national planning and budget processes. By use of the integrated analysis approach, it aims to reinforce the cross-cutting nature of environment management further bringing together differing sectoral mandates in support of sustainable development.
The end result of this assessment will be more than just knowing about the state of the environment. It will provide policy-makers and other stakeholders some guidance on how to better manage the environment.
Format and content of the report
This SOE report is divided into three parts. Part 1 sets the stage for the report by providing an overview of the economy, the people and the role that the environment plays in supporting development and vice versa. It also discusses two economic themes that are particularly important to livelihoods: Land Use and Agriculture, and Industry and Mining.
In the second part, the focus turns to the natural resources that underpin economic growth and social development. It is set along five thematic areas: Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, Forest and Protected Areas, Water and Wetlands Resources, Energy Resources and Climate Change and Natural Disasters.
The third part of the report highlights the strategies (policies, legislation and institutions) the government has put in place to support the sustainable development. It also takes a look into the future through the use of scenarios.