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Originates from the occurrence of the “ozone hole” in the stratosphere which triggered countries in 1985 were determined to protect human health and the environment against adverse effects resulting from modifications of the ozone layer and this was agreed upon what come to be known as the Vienna Convention for Protection of the Ozone Layer.
The Parties were aware that measures to protect the ozone layer required international cooperation and action and that they should be based on relevant scientific and technical considerations.
Parties have since been carrying out research and scientific assessments on, among other things, the physical and chemical processes that may affect the ozone layer and human health and other things, the physical and chemical processes that may affect the ozone layer and the human health and other biological effects deriving from any modifications of the ozone layer.
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that deplete the ozone layer was adopted in Montreal, Canada on the 16th September 1987 and came into force on 1st January 1989 with the objective of phasing out the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances.
Rwanda ratified the protocol on 24th August 2003 and has been implementing all decisions of the protocol.
Key activities of the ozone project
Integrated Assessment of Black Carbon and Tropospheric Ozone_Documents.